aliphatic acid

aliphatic acid
алифатическая кислота

English-Russian dictionary of chemistre. 2014.

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  • Aliphatic compound — In organic chemistry, compounds composed of carbon and hydrogen are divided into two classes: aromatic compounds, which contain benzene rings or similar rings of atoms, and aliphatic compounds (G. aleiphar , fat, oil), which do not contain… …   Wikipedia

  • acid–base catalysis — ▪ chemistry       acceleration of a chemical reaction by the addition of an acid or a base, the acid or base itself not being consumed in the reaction. The catalytic reaction may be acid specific (acid catalysis), as in the case of decomposition… …   Universalium

  • aliphatic — Denoting the acyclic carbon compounds, most of which belong to the fatty acid series. [G. aleiphar (aleiphat ), fat, oil] a. acids the acids of nonaromatic hydrocarbons ( e.g., acetic, propionic, butyric acid s); the so called fatty acid s of the …   Medical dictionary

  • valeric acid — Normal aliphatic acid; distilled from valerian; some of its salts are used in medicine; found in human colon. SYN: pentanoic acid. * * * va·le·ric acid və .lir ik also va·le·ri·an·ic acid və .lir ē .an ik n any of four isomeric fatty acids… …   Medical dictionary

  • crotonic acid — cro·ton·ic acid (.)krō .tän ik n an unsaturated aliphatic acid C4H6O2 that occurs in croton oil * * * cro·ton·ic ac·id (kro tonґik) an unsaturated fatty acid, CH3CH CHCOOH, found in croton oil …   Medical dictionary

  • propionic acid — /ˌproʊpiɒnɪk ˈæsəd/ (say .prohpeeonik asuhd) noun a liquid aliphatic acid, C2H5COOH. Also, propanoic acid. {pro 2 + Greek piōn fat + ic} …  

  • alkanoic acid — |alkə|nōik noun Etymology: alkane + oic : an aliphatic acid (as hexanoic acid) regarded as derived from an alkane and containing the same number of carbon atoms as the alkane …   Useful english dictionary

  • crotonic acid — (ˈ)krō|tänik noun Etymology: French crotonique, from New Latin Croton + French ique ic : an unsaturated aliphatic acid CH3CH . CHCOOH existing in cis and trans forms; β methyl acrylic acid; especially : the colorless crystalline trans form… …   Useful english dictionary

  • crotonic acid — /kroʊˌtɒnɪk ˈæsəd/ (say kroh.tonik asuhd) noun an unsaturated, aliphatic acid, CH3CH=CHCOOH, used in organic synthesis …  

  • lauric acid — /lɔrɪk ˈæsəd/ (say lawrik asuhd), /lɒ / (say lo ) noun a crystalline aliphatic acid, CH3(CH2)10COOH, occurring as glycerides in milk, palm oil, laurel oil, etc.; used in the manufacture of detergents and cosmetics …  

  • Proteinogenic amino acid — Proteinogenic amino acids are those amino acids that can be found in proteins and require cellular machinery coded for in the genetic code [1] of any organism for their isolated production. There are 22 standard amino acids, but only 21 are found …   Wikipedia

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